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Diabetes: Measuring blood sugar

Diabetes: Facts, Symptoms And Prevention

WHAT IS DIABETES?

Diabetes, which is often referred to as diabetes mellitus by doctors, is described as a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar), either because insulin production is inadequate, or because the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin or both.

Patients with high blood sugar will typically experience polyuria (frequent urination), they will become increasingly hungry (polyphagia) and thirsty (polydipsia).

FAST FACTS ON DIABETES

Here are some key points.

  • In 2013 it was estimated that over 382 million people throughout the world had diabetes (Williams textbook of endocrinology).
  • It is a long-term condition that causes high blood sugar levels.
  • Type 1 D1abetes – the body does not produce insulin. Approximately 10% of all diabetes cases are type 1.
  • Gestational Diabetes – this type affects females during pregnancy.
  • Type 2 patients need to eat healthily, be physically active, and test their blood glucose. They may also need to take oral medication, and/or insulin to control blood glucose levels.
  • Type 2 Diabetes – the body does not produce enough insulin for proper function. Approximately 90% of all cases of diabetes worldwide are of this type.
  • If you have Type 1 and follow a healthy eating plan, do adequate exercise, and take insulin, you can lead a normal life.
  • The most common d1abetes symptoms include frequent urination, intense thirst and hunger, weight gain, unusual weight loss, fatigue, cuts and bruises that do not heal,  male sexual dysfunction, numbness and tingling in hands and feet.
  • As the risk of cardiovascular disease is much higher for a d1abetic, it is crucial that blood pressure and cholesterol levels are monitored regularly.
  • Hypoglycemia – low blood glucose – can have a bad effect on the patient. Hyperglycemia – when blood glucose is too high – can also have a bad effect on the patient.
  • As smoking might have a serious effect on cardiovascular health, d1abetics should stop smoking.

 

SYMPTOMS OF DIABETES

symptoms-of-diabetes-1

5 TIPS TO PREVENT TYPE 2 DIABETES

  1. Maintain A Healthy Body Weight

Maintaining a normal body weight is an essential aspect of any preventive approach.

  1. Reduce Intake Of High-Sugar Foods

You can also significantly reduce the risk of d1abetes by paying particular attention to the amount and especially the type of carbohydrates: that is, the sugar in your diet.

  1. Get Some Exercise

Besides its central role in preventing cardiovascular diseases, regular physical exercise is essential for Type-2 d1abetes prevention.

  1. Choose The Right Fats

The type of dietary fat can also exert a huge influence on the development of Type-2 d1abetes. Certain saturated fats, for example, promote inflammation, indirectly causing insulin resistance.

  1. Flavour Your Food With Spices

As incredible as it may seem, certain spices can be instrumental in diabetes Type-2 prevention. The most obvious one is undoubtedly cinnamon, an aromatic substance that improves glucose tolerance and has the ability to interfere with the creation of glycation products that damage blood vessel linings.


 

Source: medicalnewstoday.com, besthealthmag.ca

 

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