An increase in the prices of food items has maintained Nigeria’s Consumer Price Index (CPI), which measures the rate of inflation in an economy, at an 11-year high.
According to the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) inflat1on report for December 2016, which was released on Friday, inflation rose marginally from 18.48 percent in November to 18.55 percent in December.
This shows that Nigeria’s inflation rate rose for every single month in 2016.
Inflation rate moved from 9.55% in December 2015 to 18.55 by December 2016, defying predictions that put 2016 year-end inflation at 12%.
The international monetary fund, IMF on Thursday said inflat1on in Nigeria was mainly driven by challenges surrounding the country’s exchange rate regime.
The highest increases in price were recorded in meat, cereals, oil and fat, fish and bread.
According to the NBS, “The Composite Food Index rose by 17.39% in December 2016. The rise in the index was caused by increases in prices of Meat, Bread and cereals, Oil and Fats, Fish, vegetables, milk and cheese and eggs, fruits and Potatoes, yam and other tubers”.
“On a month-on-month basis, the Food sub-index increased by 1.33% in December from the 0.88% recorded in November.”
“The highest increases were seen in Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas and Other Fuels, Clothing and Footwear and Education, growing at 27.27, 21.62 and 17.84% respectively”.