Prevention they say is better than cure. It is highly recommended for every person to know how important to have the knowledge to prevent any diseases from striking the family, friends and relatives. Lassa fever is a viral illness that spread by wild rodents or any infected rodent. Lassa fever is a disease from the infectious agent, Lassa virus. This fever is endemic in certain country such as Sierra Leone, Liberia, Guinea and also Nigeria. Congo, Mali and Senegal reported to have serological human infection as well. The Symptoms include malaise, fever, headache, myalgia, sore throat, cough, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, chest pain, abdominal pain. You may get these symptoms after 6 to 21 days of exposure to the virus. Below are steps you can take to prevent Lassa fever:
1) Clean your house inside and out:
Rodents will come to your house for food and water. If your house has improper food waste disposal or you don’t cover your garbage bin accurately, the mouse or any rodents will be the pest around your house and spreading the virus at the meantime. Clean your house every day inside and out to avoid any traces of infected rodents. Burn the garbage if you can or disposed it in the correct and safe procedure. Never let any food waste, litter around the house because it can attract rodents. Make sure your house is always clean and clutter free to ensure you are not providing rodents the food and place to live in your house.
2) Never clean the rodents dropping or stool, urine or dead body with bare hands:
While you are cleaning, you might discover this around your house. For your safety and to avoid the virus transmission, you have to always wear personal protective equipment while you are cleaning your house from rodents dropping, urine, secretions and the decaying dead body of the animal. Wear a plastic hand glove and top it with a latex glove for extra protection while you are cleaning your house. Wear a single use plastic apron to protect your clothes and body. Wear a high knee boot to shield your feet from stepping on the infected dead body of the animal and its body secretion. Use the antibacterial detergent or antibacterial soap to clean your house floor and surfaces.
3) Personal Hygiene:
Never touch your children or family at home before you clean your hands and change your clothes after cleaning your house or you just back from work outside. Never reuse your plastic hand gloves and single use apron after cleaning the house with it. Dispose it safely in a plastic bag or burn it. Ask your children to take their bath after back from school. Never touch a baby or a pregnant woman if you are not cleaning your hands or take a bath with soap after back from work or cleaning the house area. Ensure you wash your hands with soap and water before eating as well.